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Innovation in Islam (part 2 of 2): Is this a bidah?

Description: A continuation of the ways to recognise a bidah action or belief, a short list of common bidahs and the words of the scholars concerning “a good bidah”.

By Aisha Stacey (© 2013 NewMuslims.com)

Published on 29 Jul 2013 - Last modified on 16 Feb 2014

Printed: 207 - Emailed: 0 - Viewed: 7418 (daily average: 6)

Category: Lessons > Islamic Beliefs > Coping with Sects Attributed to Islam


Objectives: 

·       To be able to recognise a bidah.

·       To know some common bidahs and be able to add to the list.

·       To know the opinion of some respected scholars.

Arabic Terms:

·       Deen - the way of life based on Islamic revelation; the sum total of a Muslim’s faith and practice.  Deen is often used to mean faith, or the religion of Islam.

·       Eid - festival or celebration. Muslims celebrate two major religious holidays, known as Eid-ul-Fitr (which takes place after Ramadan) and Eid-ul-Adha (which occurs at the time of the Hajj).

·       Eid ul-Adha - “Feast of the Sacrifice”.

·       Hajj - A pilgrimage to Mecca where the pilgrim performs a set of rituals.  The Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam, which every adult Muslim must undertake at least once in their life if they can afford it and are physically able.

·       Itikaf - the practice of secluding oneself in the mosque with the intention of becoming closer to Allah.

·       Ramadan - The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar.  It is the month in which the obligatory fasting has been prescribed.

·       Shaban - the name of the 8th month of the Islamic lunar calendar.

·       Shirk – a word that implies ascribing partners to Allah, or ascribing divine attributes to other than Allah, or believing that the source of power, harm and blessings comes from another besides Allah.

·       Sunnah - The word Sunnah has several meanings depending on the area of study however the meaning is generally accepted to be, whatever was reported that the Prophet said, did, or approved.

How do we know if an act of worship is really an act of bidah?

3.  Quantity of worship:

Innovations2.jpgAnother way to recognize the difference between a Sunnah and a bidah is based on the quantity of worship. If a person decided to pray five rakahs of prayer for the Dhuhr prayer this would be a bidah. We know that this prayer consists of four rakahs; this is what is legislated and to introduce an extra unit of prayer would be considered an innovation, a bidah.

4.     Manner of performance of worship:

Another way of distinguishing between something that originates in the Quran and the Sunnah and an innovation is to look at the manner of performance. That is, how do we perform the act of worship, is it in accordance with what the deen of Islam teaches, or have we over stepped the boundaries and added something to a religion that has already been perfected. An example of this is making ablution before prayer in an incorrect order, such as beginning with washing the feet instead of finishing with this.

5.     Time of worship:

The time we perform an act of worship is also important. If a worship is performed according to the teachings of Prophet Muhammad and the specified time, then it does indeed please our Creator. However if a person takes it upon himself to change the specified time then that person has fallen into the sin of bidah. For example, sacrificing sheep in the month of Ramadan with the intention of seeking a reward similar to the reward for sacrificing on Eid ul-Adha then this would be considered an innovation.

6.     Place of worship:

The place in which the act of worship is performed should also be in accordance with what has been legislated. If, for example a person was to make itikaf in his home this would not be acceptable. The place for itikaf is the mosque, thus performing it in any other place would be considered a bidah.

A list of common innovations

·       Seeking help from the occupants of the grave. This bidah is of particular importance because it also encompasses shirk, the greatest sin in Islam.

·       Sitting in groups and saying words of remembrance of Allah, such as Allahu Akbar, in unison.

·       Taking the birthday of the Prophet as an Eid.

·       Fasting on the fifteenth of the Islamic month of Shaban and spending that night in prayer.

·       Celebrating the birthday of Prophet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him.

·       Reciting Quran to benefit the deceased (this includes hiring people to recite Quran).

·       Wiping over the back of the neck when making ablution.

·       The family of the deceased preparing food for others who visit.

What is a “good bidah”?

On occasions you might hear  of something called a ‘good bidah’. According to Sheikh Ibn Uthaymeen, may Allah have mercy on him, “… there is no such thing in Islam (in the religious sense) as a good bidah.”[1]   The sheikh also emphasised that “…with regard to ordinary matters of habit and custom, these are not called bidah (innovation) in Islam, even though they may be described as such in linguistic terms. But they are not innovations in the religious sense, and these are not the things that the Prophet was warning us against”. In addition to this noted Islamic scholar Imam Ibn Rajab[2]  said, “Any words from our righteous predecessors considering something as a good bidah were meant in a linguistic sense and not the Islamic sense”.

In conclusion bidah is a newly invented belief or action in the deen of Islam by which closeness to Allah is sought but it is not supported by any authentic proof either in its foundations or in the manner in which it is performed.[3]



Footnotes:

[1] Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, vol. 2, p. 291

[2] Ibn Rajab is a noted Islamic scholar of the 6th century CE, proficient across many Islamic sciences including tafsir, hadith and fiqh.

[3] This definition is adapted from  Innovation in Light of the Perfection of the Shariah by Sheikh Muhammad ibn Salih al-Uthaymeen.

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